Tina Donvito (CreakyJoints Mental Health)
CBT stands for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy which is a form of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is the practice of using psychological methods to help treat mental disorders [as opposed to using medical means].
Who Does CBT Help?
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy helps people develop important skills and strategies to improve their mental health. Accordingly, this form of psychotherapy can help several people diagnosed with numerous different mental disorders.
Some disorders for which CBT is commonly recommended include:
· Bipolar Disorder
· Eating Disorders [eg. anorexia nervosa]
· Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
· Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
· Substance Use Disorders
· Panic Disorders
· Specific Phobias
· And many more …
How Does CBT Work?
Like many other forms of therapy, the main goal for CBT is to improve a person’s health and to equip them with the proper techniques & strategies for them to maintain a healthy lifestyle. In particular, CBT treatment involves efforts to change one’s thinking and behavioural patterns (American Psychological Association). To do so, a therapist begins by discussing client problems with the client to determine underlying motivations. Then, a strategy is formed collaboratively to help re-shape the client’s thoughts, attitudes, and beliefs related to the client’s emotions & behaviours (CAMH).
Benefits of CBT
CBT offers numerous benefits including:
Developmental of Healthier Thought Patterns
By discussing problems with a trained mental health professional, CBT helps clients become aware of their negative [typically unrealistic] thoughts. This awareness helps reduce future negative thoughts and feelings because the client can recognize when such thoughts are unfounded in reality.
Effective Alternative to Medication
However, it can also be combined with medication for a more holistic approach to treatment.
Problem-Focused & Goal-Oriented
CBT is individualized to a client to ensure their needs are best met by the therapist.
CBT is very structured to teach appropriate skills & strategies. As such, it is also time-limited to ensure results are aligning with the client’s current problems.
CBT is a widely recognized, evidence-based form of treatment for mental disorders. As such, there are numerous centres that offer CBT as treatment thus increasing access to this form of therapy.
CBT is often significantly more affordable than other forms of therapy.
CBT can be performed both virtually and in-person thus providing access to more individuals, including those in remote or underserviced areas.
Three CBT TechniquesCognitive Behavioural Therapy involves a wide array of techniques. Here are 3 common ones you can try at home:
In CBT, this skill is often broken down into 5 simpler steps to help ensure success.
i. Step 1 – Identify the Problem
ii. Step 2 – Create a List of Possible Solutions
iii. Step 3 – Assess Pros & Cons of Each Solution
iv. Step 4 – Select One Solution to Implement
v. Step 5 – Apply the Chosen Solution to the Problem
Self-monitoring is an important CBT technique because it involves tracking one’s behaviours over time and then sharing them with one’s therapist.
By keeping a record of one’s behaviours, thoughts, and symptoms, one can better provide relevant information to inform the treatment program. Thus, self-monitoring helps ensure the best possible treatment for one’s disorder.
EG. For individuals with eating disorders, self-monitoring can include keeping track of eating habits [ie. what they eat & when] and one’s attitude during eating habits [ie. positive versus negative thoughts/feelings when eating]
3. Goal Setting
Goal setting is a key step in recovery for mental illness because it provides a concrete desired result. CBT also commonly employs setting SMART goals, with SMART standing for specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-based. Such goals are important in CBT because they can demonstrate client progress. Try creating SMART goals for yourself!
For more, check out Very Well Mind: https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-cognitive-behavior-therapy-2795747
If you are suffering from a mental health disorder and are considering CBT for treatment, consider booking a consultation with Inner Oak Therapy as the first step in your journey to better health!
Written by Gabrielle Bulman Thomas